C# .NET - Sql Bulk Insert from multiple delimited Textfile using c#.net

Asked By kumar on 26-Dec-12 06:28 AM
Hi Friends,

I have multiple delimited textfiles in my folder.this textfile datat I need to insert into my sqltable.

i can able to bulk insert in single text file...

How can i import the multiple file at same time..

Please help anyone...
Kamal Ramavat replied to kumar on 26-Dec-12 10:51 AM
SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer has 4 overloads:
SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer (DataRow[])
    Copies all rows from the supplied DataRow array to a destination table specified by the 
    DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object. 
SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer (DataTable)
    Copies all rows in the supplied DataTable to a destination table specified by the 
    DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object. 
SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer (IDataReader)
    Copies all rows in the supplied IDataReader to a destination table specified by the 
    DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object. 
SqlBulkCopy.WriteToServer (DataTable, DataRowState)
    Copies only rows that match the supplied row state in the supplied DataTable to a 
    destination table specified by the DestinationTableName property of the SqlBulkCopy object. 

When importing text files with this method you have to create a DataTable first, import the text file 
to the created DataTable and then write this DataTable to server.

With this we're acctually performing 2 tasks in .net:
1. Fill data from text file to DataTable in memory
2. Fill data from DataTable in memory to SQL server

Compared to SQL servers native bulk import methods where we just import the text file directly.

I used the same file and the same table structure as in previous bulk import methods described in Last
The time it took to complete the whole process was around 30 seconds.

This is the code i used for import:
private void StartImport()
{
    Stopwatch sw = new Stopwatch();
    sw.Start();
    SqlBulkCopy bulkCopy = new SqlBulkCopy("Server=ServerName;Database=test;Trusted_Connection=True;", 
SqlBulkCopyOptions.TableLock); bulkCopy.DestinationTableName = "dbo.testSQLBulkCopy"; bulkCopy.WriteToServer(CreateDataTableFromFile()); sw.Stop(); txtResult.Text = (sw.ElapsedMilliseconds/1000.00).ToString(); } private DataTable CreateDataTableFromFile() { DataTable dt = new DataTable(); DataColumn dc; DataRow dr; dc = new DataColumn(); dc.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32"); dc.ColumnName = "c1"; dc.Unique = false; dt.Columns.Add(dc); dc = new DataColumn(); dc.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32"); dc.ColumnName = "c2"; dc.Unique = false; dt.Columns.Add(dc); dc = new DataColumn(); dc.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32"); dc.ColumnName = "c3"; dc.Unique = false; dt.Columns.Add(dc); dc = new DataColumn(); dc.DataType = System.Type.GetType("System.Int32"); dc.ColumnName = "c4"; dc.Unique = false; dt.Columns.Add(dc); StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(@"d:\work\test.txt"); string input; while ((input = sr.ReadLine()) != null) { string[] s = input.Split(new char[] { '|' }); dr = dt.NewRow(); dr["c1"] = s[0]; dr["c2"] = s[1]; dr["c3"] = s[2]; dr["c4"] = s[3]; dt.Rows.Add(dr); } sr.Close(); return dt; }

Bulk Import Methods are ad below..:- 


1. BCP
2. Bulk Insert
3. OpenRowset with BULK option
4. SQL Server Integration Services - SSIS

I ran each bulk import option 12 times, disregarded best and worst time and averaged the remaining ten times.
Results are:

1. SSIS - FastParse ON = 7322 ms
2. SSIS - FastParse OFF = 8387 ms
3. Bulk Insert = 10534 ms
4. OpenRowset = 10687 ms
5. BCP = 14922 ms

So speed gain is quite large when using FastParse.
I was also surprised that SSIS - FastParse OFF method was faster by 20% to Bulk Insert and OpenRowset
and around 40% faster than BCP.

Since my desire was to test how much faster is importing flat files when FastParse option is used
I created a text file containing 4 bigint columns with 1,000,000 rows.

The script i used to create a sample test file in C#:

string str;
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(@"d:\work\test.txt");
for (int i = 1; i <= 1000000; i++)
{
    str = i.ToString() + "|" + Convert.ToString(i * 2) + "|" + Convert.ToString(i * 3) + "|" + Convert.ToString(i / 2);
    sw.WriteLine(str);
}
sw.Close();
I also created this format file for use with BCP, Bulk Insert and OpenRowset:
9.0
4
1       SQLBIGINT        0       8       "|"   1     c1       ""
2       SQLBIGINT        0       8       "|"   2     c2       ""
3       SQLBIGINT        0       8       "|"   3     c3       ""
4       SQLBIGINT        0       8       "\r\n"   4     c4       ""

SSIS Package was a very simple one with a Flat File source and SQL server destination objects.

The sql script i used is:

create database test
go
use test
go
-- ran for each SSIS test run
-- SSIS data type for each column was "eight-byte signed integer [DT_I8]"
drop table testFastParse
create table testFastParse(c1 bigint, c2 bigint, c3 bigint, c4 bigint)
go
-- insert data using OPENROWSET 
create table testOpenRowset(c1 bigint, c2 bigint, c3 bigint, c4 bigint)
go
DBCC DROPCLEANBUFFERS
declare @start datetime
set @start = getdate()
insert into testOpenRowset(c1, c2, c3, c4)
SELECT    t1.c1, t1.c2, t1.c3, t1.c4
FROM    OPENROWSET( BULK 'd:\work\test.txt', 
        FORMATFILE = 'd:\work\testImport-f-n.Fmt') AS t1(c1, c2, c3, c4);
select  getdate() - @start as ElapsedTime
drop table testOpenRowset
-- insert data using Bulk Insert
create table testBulkInsert(c1 bigint, c2 bigint, c3 bigint, c4 bigint)
go
DBCC DROPCLEANBUFFERS
declare @start datetime
set @start = getdate()
BULK INSERT testBulkInsert
   FROM 'd:\work\test.txt'
   WITH (FORMATFILE='d:\work\testImport-f-n.Fmt')
select  getdate() - @start as ElapsedTime
drop table testBulkInsert
go
-- insert data using BCP
create table testBCP(c1 bigint, c2 bigint, c3 bigint, c4 bigint)
go
DBCC DROPCLEANBUFFERS
exec master..xp_cmdshell 'bcp test.dbo.testBCP in d:\work\test.txt -T -b1000000 -fd:\work\testImport-f-n.Fmt'
drop table testBCP
go
drop database test
kumar replied to Kamal Ramavat on 06-Jan-13 02:30 AM
thanks for your post